COLOUR THEORY Colours are divided into groups to understand their importance and there use , these groups are as follows :
- Secondary colours
- Tertiary colours
Primary Colours are colours found in the nature and man had not created them , they are RED , BLUE and YELLOW
Secondary colours are those colours that are made by mixing TWO PRIMARY colours . For example GREEN is a secondary colour which is made by the mixture of YELLOW and BLUE . Similarly ORANGE is a secondary which is made up of RED and YELLOW , another secondary colour is VIOLET , commonly known as PURPLE is made up of RED and BLUE . HENCE we have three secondary colours , they are Orange , Green and PURPLE .
Tertiary colours are colour made out of the mixture of the ONE PRIMARY colour and ONE SECONDARY colour .The addition of each colour can vary hence the number of tertiary colours are vast and not fixed. For example Yellow is a primary colour and Green is a secondary colour , so when we mix these two colours in different quantities we get different tertiary colours in the shade line of yellow-green :- light green ( yellow 80% green 20%) dark green (80% green 20%yellow) the number can vary depending upon the addition or removal of any colour.
USES OF COLOURS AND THEIR APPLICATION
On the colour wheel , the colours opposite to each other are called Complimentary colours .
Due to the powerful contrast of the complementary colours they are always used in the ration of 2:1 . Red and Green are complimentary colours and if we are designing a lehenga with the skirt in red colour and the border in green or visa versa it will look very soothing to the eye and is one of the most harmonious colour combination . The only thing need to be kept in mind is that complimentary colours are made up of dominant colours that are very powerful hence we cannot use both the colours in equal quantities .
The triadic color scheme uses the power of three colors which are situated at 120 degrees from each other ( as determined by the equilateral triangle ) on the color wheel. Triadic color harmony is considered by some to be the best color scheme . You could use one color as background one for designs and the other one to highlight .
Analogous colors are those colors which lie on equal side of any given color. Analogous colour schemes are harmonious and pleasing to the eye. They usually match really well and create a well balanced design .For example PURPLE is the given colour so its analogous colors will be light purple and dark purple as shown in the diagram .